Hello, dear friends! Welcome to the 74th edition of "Hello, DXers!", our fortnightly program for shortwave enthusiasts. I am Sigitas Žilionis, chairman of the Lithuanian DX Club BANGA.
Vilnius-based private commercial radio station Radiocentras became the first
station in Lithuania to use the
The new transmitter is owned by Radiocentras itself, not by the Lithuanian PTT.
It has the power of only 25 Watts, and is intended to serve the Greater Vilnius area.
Measurements prove that the signal is heard well within the radius of some 20 kilometers
from the transmitter, which is installed in the studio of Radiocentras in the
headquarters of the Lithuanian Spauda Publishing Company. The frequency of the
new transmitter is 101 MHz, it operates from 8 AM to midnight local time
(and this is Eastern European Time, equal to the Universal Coordinated Time plus
2 hours), rebroadcasting the whole program of Radiocentras in parallel
with its main frequency 71.81 MHz in the
Although the transmitter broadcasts in stereo, it is not possible to get the stereo effect at the receiving end, unless you have a special decoder at your disposal. That's so because the transmitter has a stereo encoder of a Soviet type, that is, it uses the Polar Modulation system. But the FM radios widely used by the listeners are of Western make and all have the decoders working in the Pilot Tone Modulation system. However, the engineers of Radiocentras (and Lithuania in general, I can say) do not have the necessary experience to build Pilot Tone Modulation encoder, so they decided to go this way. The station intends to apply to foreign radio stations for help in solving the problem.
As in the case of radio station M-1 which was the first radio station in Lithuania to put into service its own transmitter, the transmitter of Radiocentras is still unlicenced. It may broadcast only on a provisional basis, so the transmissions are in fact test broadcasts, intended to finally adjust the transmitter and determine the reception area.
By the way, earlier in this story I mentioned the FM band limits as 100 to 108 MHz.
You may ask, why these differ from the normal
And that's all for today. Till we meet again in a forthnight's time - Good-bye and 73!