SHORTWAVE ANTENNAS AT THE TRANSMITTING STATION IN SITKŪNAI, LITHUANIA


The four identically shaped red-and-white towers were built in 1950s and supported three dipole array antennas beamed to Western Europe and the Atlantic, at 259 degrees. The two northern towers (right side on the photo), 65 meter high, bore an EHR4/4/0.5 antenna for the 16 and 19 meter bands. The two southern towers, 87.5 meters each, held a similar type of antenna for the 41 and 49 meter bands. Another EHR4/4/0.5 reversible antenna, for the 25 and 31 mb, was hanging between the two central towers. The latter antenna is still in use today, while the two other antennas were taken down: the 41-49 mb antenna in early 1990s, and the 16-19 mb antenna several years earlier.
In 1999, a non-reversible AHR2/2/0.5 antenna has been installed between the two northern towers. It is beamed at 259 degrees and serves as the main antenna for West European coverage. And in February 2008, a dipole antenna of type CH1/1/0.3 was added between the two southern towers, to improve coverage of nearby countries.

A new antenna was installed in November 2000, and is now used for transmissions to North America. It's an AHR4/4/1 antenna beamed at 310 degrees.
 
 
Two towers is all what remains of three SW array antennas that were used for beaming broadcasts at 180 degrees in 1950s and 1960s. The group of antennas was exactly the same as the 259-degree group: 4 towers, 3 antennas. Decommissioned decades ago, two of the four towers were dismantled and put into service elsewhere, the other two still standing but not used for broadcasting anymore. Now they carry cellular antennas.


SEE ALSO:
Detailed map of the station
Sitkūnai on a Russian military map, 1985, 1:50,000 (182kB)
Sitkūnai featured on R. Nederlands' Media Network program

BACK TO:
Sitkūnai - main page
Other Lithuanian broadcast transmitting stations


© Sigitas Žilionis February 2002 - March 2008